Also found on the way to ARNOVA....
Two studies by Dr. Lori G. Kletzer analyzing data on displaced manufacturing workers. Kletzer argues that rather than simply tallying up the numbers of jobs lost or gained as a result of globalization, we should ask deeper questions, like who loses jobs and what happens to them afterward? Her study found that why the job was lost (trade, technology, downsizing, or other reasons) is less important than what happens to displaced workers as they attempt to find new employment. Among her other findings:
- When displaced manufacturing workers do find new jobs, on average they earn a significant 13% less per week.
- Of displaced manufacturing workers who later found employment, more than half of them were still working in manufacturing. Moreover, when displaced workers find new work in the same sector their earnings loss is less than the overall average, and far less dramatic than for those workers who find work outside of manufacturing.
- Finding new work in manufacturing is especially important for older workers, those with less education and higher tenure in their manufacturing jobs, and minorities.
- Women who are displaced from manufacturing jobs are far less likely than displaced men to be reemployed - on the order of 13 percentage points less. In fact, women are heavily employed among (and displaced from) those manufacturing industries that have seen the greatest job loss as a result of increasing imports.
For more info:
Job Loss from Imports: Measuring the Costs, Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC, September 2001
Imports, Exports, and Jobs: What does trade mean for employment and job loss?, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI, December 2002